On September 15, 1963, Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, was bombed. Four girls died and the face of Jesus Christ fell out of a stained-glass window. This event inspired the most famous image of Jesus created for the Magic City, John Petts’s Wales Window for Alabama. The story of the bombing and of these windows opens Edward Blum and Paul Harvey’s study of the rise, meanings, and transformations of images of Jesus The Color of Christ: The Son of God and the Saga of Race in America.

The Wales Window is the oldest of three depictions of Jesus in Birmingham examined here by students from Samford University’s Department of Biblical and Religious Studies. Each image highlights a different aspect of Jesus’ identity. Each has a distinct relationship to the story of Americans’ struggle with racializaiton.

These images were all made specifically for Birmingham are part of the fabric of our city. Yet the artists who made them were not from Alabama. They were from Wales, Italy, and China. As you will read, these depictions of Christ have different meanings to different people. We hope these essays help you think more deeply about the work of religious art, the story of race in America, and life and teachings Jesus of Nazareth.

Due to the social distancing that COVID-19 has imposed other projects which students had begun preparing had to be abandoned. We plan to be back in fall 2020 with more profiles of local religious communities and pieces of religious art and architecture. What would you like to see here? Let me know! drbains@samford.edu

— David R. Bains, Tuesday of Holy Week, April 7, 2020

Wales Window for Alabama

Breaking the Window of Racism By Jessica McCasland & Eva Parker Seated high above the pews of a red-carpeted, early twentieth century Baptist church in the heart of Alabama, there is a stained-glass window that depicts Jesus in an uncommon manner: as a black man. Looking at his congregation with downcast eyes and a solemn … Continue reading “Wales Window for Alabama”


By Jacob Patton and Madeline Jackson Chinese artist He Qi’s painting Messiah is a unique and expressive depiction of the Christian messiah Jesus. Contrary to the pervasive rendering of Jesus, He does not represent Jesus as white. This artistic choice has significance for Native American liberation theology and Asian liberation theology. Further, where Messiah is … Continue reading “Messiah”


Additionally, I offer a few thoughts on a multi-racial depiction before which I worshiped many times at St. Stephen the Martyr Catholic Church in Birmingham on my own blog at this link. –David R. Bains


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